Tuesday, 19 November 2013

Bertrand Russell: A Very Short Bibliography [Introduction & Contents]

A Note of Explanation

The most comprehensive and authoritative resource about Lord Russell’s incredibly voluminous writings remains A Bibliography of Bertrand Russell (1994) by Kenneth Blackwell and Harry Ruja, a monumental study in three volumes: I. Separate Publications; II. Serial Publications; III. Indexes. Unfortunately, it’s a trifle costly. The best offer for a used set I could find online is about $200. For a number of reasons, mostly because I do not own this treasure and information on the Web is frustratingly scarce, the present effort is much more modest. But you needn’t spend hundreds of bucks or many hours in the library in order to use it. A few words about its purposes and limitations might be useful.

The accent in this bibliography is on what I consider the most important part of a book: the contents. I do like to know when the thing I’m reading was first published (for every book is just as much a function of its time as it is a product of its author’s mind) and I do take a great delight in the arts of printing and binding, but for bibliographical purposes I am little interested in publication history and not at all in physical description. First British and American editions are given only for historical perspective; it is deemed totally irrelevant which came first as long as both appeared in the same year. Other editions are chosen for their availability (new and used) or because they are part from my very small and incomplete collection. Exception is made for all editions that contain some new material (preface, revisions, etc.) by Russell himself or contributions by others that seem interesting. These are traced carefully and all changes are described in as much detail as possible. The same method is followed as regards the confusing matter of alternative titles.

The contents of each work are listed as accurately as I could verify them from primary sources (physical or scanned copies), but no special attempt is made to preserve the tables of contents intact or to reproduce them exactly as they are in the book. Perfection is not the same thing as pedantry. I have aimed at the former. All contributions of editors are omitted, the only exception being several headnotes in The Collected Papers (Section IV) which clarify otherwise cryptic titles. Of Russell’s own writings nothing is left out. However, as a general rule, prefaces, forewords, appendixes and the like (including by other writers) are mentioned only in the descriptions of different editions but not in the contents (which are general and refer to all editions of certain work). Unless otherwise noted, all original material from the first edition (i) is reprinted in later editions and should be considered as part of the contents. For example, Russell’s own preface and Paul Edwards’ Appendix to Why I Am Not a Christian and Other Essays on Religion and Related Subjects (1957, I.48.) are mentioned only in (i), but they do appear in (ii) and (iii) as well. Any other differences between these three editions – and there are some – are noted both in the specific descriptions and in the general contents.

Section I includes books written entirely (except for the editorial apparatus in some of them) by Bertrand Russell. The only exception is, of course, Principia Mathematica which he co-authored with Alfred North Whitehead. Works only edited or co-edited by Russell, for example the two volumes of The Amberley Papers: The Letters and Diaries of Lord and Lady Amberley, are not included. Works like Wisdom of the West or War Crimes in Vietnam, which Messrs Blackwell and Ruja perceptively consider to be of “doubtful complete authorship”, are listed because they were published during Russell’s lifetime and he took all responsibility about their contents. A number of posthumously published volumes, such as several selections from his numerous letters, also belong here.

Except the authorship, the most important criterion for Section I is that the volumes in it should consist mostly, if not entirely, of material previously uncollected in book form. This is why such collections as the ones edited by Messrs Marsh (1956, I.45.) and Edwards (1957, I.48.) are included. The matter requires a personal judgement not everyone would agree with. For example, some people may think that The Collected Stories (1972, I.58.) contains too little uncollected material and really belongs to Section II, but I obviously think otherwise. To take another example, the two collections on religion and ethics first published in 1999 (III.11-12) contain very little uncollected stuff, but most of the rest had previously appeared only in various volumes of The Collected Papers – not the most accessible source – and thus they may be considered more suitable to Section I.

Section II presents a short list of selected essays and pamphlets. The major criterion for inclusion is popularity. If the piece is more often reprinted, it has better chances to be included, especially if it was first published in a periodical or as a pamphlet. Chapters from books, no matter how self-sufficient or often reprinted in anthologies, are avoided, though a few of them have earned their place. Since the difference between an essay and a chapter, or between a book and a pamphlet for that matter, is necessarily somewhat blurred, a certain amount of overlapping and confusion between the first two sections should not come as a surprise. For the record, an essay stands on its own better than a chapter does – but then many of the chapters in Russell’s books are really essays; and a pamphlet is a short book that consists of a single essay or a couple of essays on the same topic – but then some of Russell’s shortest collections with essays may well pass for pamphlets.

Rules in bibliography, as in life, are useful only if they can be discarded once they cease to be advantageous. The case of Russell and Haldeman-Julius, the famous pamphlet publisher from Girard, Kansas, may provide us with some examples of rules that need bending if not breaking. Before and during WWII, quite a few of Russell’s essays were published separately by Mr Haldeman-Julius. Some quarter of a century later, many of them were reprinted by Philosophical Library, a New York based publisher, and so created not a little confusion for the amateur bibliographer of the future. Both The Art of Philosophizing (1942, I.35.) and Understanding History (1967, I.47.) are very short volumes that consist of three longish essays each and may legitimately be regarded as pamphlets. My decision to consider them as books, and so include them in Section I, is based on the fact that in both cases the essays are on very different subjects and were not collected in book form before. That said, The Art of Philosophizing is perhaps closer to pamphlet because the essays it contains are shorter and on the closely related subjects (at least according to Lord Russell) of philosophy, logics and mathematics. Understanding History is several times longer and much more varied in content. 

The Art of Philosophizing also presents an example of the usual problem with titles. Which one do you give most prominence, the one of the first publication or the one you think readers are most likely to encounter? The former is normally preferred, but in certain special cases I do prefer the latter. This is why the entry about The Art of Philosophizing has two years. It was first published in 1942, but under this very title it first appeared only in 1968. To be sure, both editions are obscure, but the later one much less so. Indeed, the 1942 edition by Haldeman-Julius had no title at all. The strange hybrid How to Become Philosopher… Logician... Mathematician simply means that the pamphlet contains three essays from the “How To” series that will instruct you how to become a philosopher, a logician or a mathematician. All three titles were printed on the front cover and in the same font size.

When two years are employed for separate pieces, the first is the year of writing (according to which the piece is placed in chronological order), while the second is the year of first publication. This is especially helpful when both years are quite a bit apart. For example, the paper “On the Substitutional Theory of Classes and Relations” (1906, 1973) was written in 1906, but it was first published full 67 years later as part of the collection Essays in Analysis (1973), ed. Douglas Lackey.

Years in square or round brackets, except in the few exceptional cases when there are two of them, denote the year of first publication in any form, not the year of writing or the year when the piece in question was given as a lecture, radio talk, etc.; the latter is usually mentioned in the description of the first appearance in any form (i). For example, “Politically Important Desires”, Russell’s Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech, is dated “1954” because this is when, so far as can be ascertained for now, it was first published; it was of course given in 1950. If there is no year mentioned, as in the case of most book chapters and some of the essays, the piece is supposed to have been published for the first time at this very place. If the year of the piece is the same as the one of the book, this obviously means that the piece first appeared in some other form prior to its publication in the book.

Section III is a very short list of miscellaneous collections. They are chosen for two equally important reasons. First, I have some access to their contents, even if many details from the publishing history of certain pieces may still remain obscure. Second, they are either in print or easy to obtain second-hand at reasonable prices, and I consider them fine introductions for Russell neophytes or of possible interest for seasoned Russellians. All cross-references with Section II (if the piece is listed there) or with Sections I and IV (if it is not) are noted. In general, cross-references are abundant but as succinct as possible. They attempt to give maximum information where you can find the piece in question reprinted; if it has its own entry (i.e. printing history) in Section II, only this is given; if it hasn’t, the reprints are listed in situ. In the few cases when a piece cannot be linked with any other part of the bibliography, relevant information about its history is provided in square brackets.

Section IV is entirely dedicated to The Collected Papers of Bertrand Russell, a 35-volume joint project of Routledge and the McMaster University that attempts to collect and publish all of Russell’s short pieces, from the most famous to the most obscure, plus some unpublished drafts of his longer works. The first volume appeared in 1983 and the massive undertaking is still in progress: 17 volumes have been published so far (nos. 1-4, 6-15, 28-29, 31), nine are at various stages of completion (16-18, 24-27, 30, 35), one is at the publisher (5), and the rest seven (19-20, 22-23, 32-34) don’t seem to have advanced beyond their titles. (This breakdown doesn’t include no. 36, a bonus volume with indexes, also in progress). Volume 1 is occupied with Russell’s Cambridge Essays (1888-99), volume 35 collects all Newly Discovered Papers; the rest is conveniently split between the vast bulks of his technical (2-11) and popular writings (12-34), each of them in chronological order and spanning some seven decades. It is a magnificent edition, meticulously prepared by a small army of eminent Russellian scholars, but not exactly in the pocket range of many buyers. Prices and availability vary considerably, but as a general rule new volumes cost something between $200 and $300, while second-hand copies may, if you are lucky, be several times cheaper – but usually are not. A full list of the volumes, including the contents which I have copied below, is provided by the McMaster University and can be accessed here.

Section I and IV are the only ones that attempt to be relatively comprehensive (“relatively” because repetitions of the same material, especially in Section I, are rigorously cut down to minimum). Sections III and IV are extremely selective and reflect my own idiosyncrasies. Miscellaneous collections or occasional pamphlets with Russell’s essays are legion, not to mention his prodigious output of articles, essays, letters to the editors and other pieces that never went beyond periodicals. A faint idea of the sheer amount of material is given by Messrs Blackwell and Ruja in their Introduction to A Bibliography of Bertrand Russell. In volume 1 of their work, they record 181 books, pamphlets and leaflets, and 226 contributions to books by others. In volume 2, some 3550 serial publications are listed. As you can imagine, even a highly compressed bibliography of Russell’s oeuvre is not exactly a trifle to compile, all the more so when one has to deal with the inadequate resources of the Internet.

One final point. This bibliography, as everything else in life, is a work in progress. In addition to many deliberate omissions, the following sections doubtlessly contain quite a few accidental ones (marked with the telling sign “????”) as well many inadvertent errors. They will be fixed as soon as new information turns up. Any input from the unknown reader would be appreciated.


                  I.1.    German Social Democracy (1896)
                  I.2.    An Essay on the Foundations of Geometry (1897)
                  I.3.    A Critical Exposition of the Philosophy of Leibniz (1900)
                  I.4.    The Principles of Mathematics (1903)
                  I.5.    Philosophical Essays (1910)
                  I.6.    Principia Mathematica (1910-13), 3 vols.
                  I.7.    The Problems of Philosophy (1912)
                  I.8.    Our Knowledge of the External World (1914)
                  I.9.    Justice in War-Time (1915)
              I.10.    Principles of Social Reconstruction (1916)
              I.11.    Political Ideals (1917)
              I.12.    Mysticism and Logic and Other Essays (1917)
              I.13.    Roads to Freedom: Socialism, Anarchism and Syndicalism (1918)
              I.14.    Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy (1919)
              I.15.    The Practice and Theory of Bolshevism (1920)
              I.16.    The Analysis of Mind (1921)
              I.17.    The Problem of China (1922)
              I.18.    The ABC of Atoms (1923)
              I.19.    Prospects of Industrial Civilization (1923), with Dora Russell
              I.20.    The ABC of Relativity (1925)
              I.21.    On Education, Especially in Early Childhood (1926)
              I.22.    The Analysis of Matter (1927)
              I.23.    An Outline of Philosophy (1927)
              I.24.    Sceptical Essays (1928)
              I.25.    Marriage and Morals (1929)
              I.26.    The Conquest of Happiness (1930)
              I.27.    The Scientific Outlook (1931)
              I.28.    Education and the Social Order (1932)
              I.29.    Freedom and Organisation: 1814-1914 (1934)
              I.30.    In Praise of Idleness and Other Essays (1935)
              I.31.    Religion and Science (1935)
              I.32.    Which Way to Peace? (1936)
              I.33.    Power: A New Social Analysis (1938)
              I.34.    An Inquiry into Meaning and Truth (1940)
              I.35.    The Art of Philosophizing (1942, 1968)
              I.36.    A History of Western Philosophy (1945)
              I.37.    Human Knowledge: Its Scope and Limits (1948)
              I.38.    Authority and the Individual (1949)
              I.39.    Unpopular Essays (1950)
              I.40.    The Impact of Science on Society (1951)
              I.41.    New Hopes for a Changing World (1951)
              I.42.    Satan in the Suburbs and Other Stories (1953)
              I.43.    Human Society in Ethics and Politics (1954)
              I.44.    Nightmares of Eminent Persons, and Other Stories (1954)
              I.45.    Logic and Knowledge: Essays 1901-1950 (1956), ed. Robert C. Marsh
              I.46.    Portraits from Memory and Other Essays (1956)
              I.47.    Understanding History and Other Essays (1957)
              I.48.    Why I Am Not a Christian (1957), ed. Paul Edwards
              I.49.    Common Sense and Nuclear Warfare (1959)
              I.50.    My Philosophical Development (1959)
              I.51.    Wisdom of the West (1959)
              I.52.    Fact and Fiction (1961)
              I.53.    Has Man a Future? (1961)
              I.54.    Unarmed Victory (1963)
              I.55.    War Crimes in Vietnam (1967)
              I.56.    The Autobiography of Bertrand Russell (1967-69), 3 vols.
              I.57.    Dear Bertrand Russell (1969), ed. Barry Feinberg and George Kasrils
              I.58.    The Collected Stories of Bertrand Russell (1972), ed. Barry Feinberg
              I.59.    Bertrand Russell’s America (1973-83), ed. Barry Feinberg and Ronald Kasrils
              I.60.    Mortals and Others (1975-98), ed. Harry Ruja
              I.61.    The Selected Letters, Vol. 1 (1992), ed. Nicholas Griffin
              I.62.    The Selected Letters, Vol. 2 (2001), ed. Nicholas Griffin
              I.63.    Yours Faithfully, Bertrand Russell (2002), ed. Ray Perkins, Jr.

                II.1.    The Logic of Relations (1901)
                II.2.    Mathematics and the Metaphysicians (1901)
                II.3.    A Free Man’s Worship (1903)
                II.4.    On History (1904)
                II.5.    Science and Hypothesis (1905)
                II.6.    The Existential Import of Propositions (1905)
                II.7.    On Denoting (1905)
                II.8.    On Some Difficulties in the Theory of Transfinite Numbers and Order Types (1906)
                II.9.    On the Substitutional Theory of Classes and Relations (1906, 1973)
            II.10.    On “Insolubilia” and their Solution by Symbolic Logic (1906)
            II.11.    The Study of Mathematics (1907)
            II.12.    On the Nature of Truth (1907)
            II.13.    The Regressive Method of Discovering the Premises of Mathematics (1907, 1973)
            II.14.    Williams James's Conception of Truth (1908)
            II.15.    Mathematical Logic as Based on The Theory of Types (1908)
            II.16.    The Elements of Ethics (1908)
            II.17.    On the Nature of Truth and Falsehood (1909)
            II.18.    Pragmatism (1909)
            II.19.    The Theory of Logical Types (1910)
            II.20.    Knowledge by Acquaintance and Knowledge by Description (1911)
            II.21.    On the Relations of Universals and Particulars (1912)
            II.22.    The Philosophy of Bergson (1912)
            II.23.    The Essence of Religion (1912)
            II.24.    On the Notion of Cause (1912)
            II.25.    The Place of Science in a Liberal Education (1913)
            II.26.    Mysticism and Logic (1914)
            II.27.    On Scientific Method in Philosophy (1914)
            II.28.    The Relation of Sense data to Physics (1914)
            II.29.    On the Nature of Acquaintance (1914)
            II.30.    The Ultimate Constituents of Matter (1915)
            II.31.    Religion and the Churches (1916)
            II.32.    The Philosophy of Logical Atomism (1918)
            II.33.    On Propositions: What They Are and How They Mean (1919)
            II.34.    Free Thought and Official Propaganda (1922)
            II.35.    What Makes a Social System Good or Bad? (1922)
            II.36.    Can Men Be Rational? (1923)
            II.37.    Logical Atomism (1924)
            II.38.    Styles in Ethics (1924)
            II.39.    Icarus, or the Future of Science (1924)
            II.40.    Eastern and Western Ideals of Happiness (1924)
            II.41.    Materialism, Past and Present (1925)
            II.42.    Life in the Middle Ages (1925)
            II.43.    What I Believe (1925)
            II.44.    Why I Am Not a Christian (1927)
            II.45.    On Catholic and Protestant Skeptics (1928)
            II.46.    Science and Education (1928)
            II.47.    On the Value of Scepticism (1928)
            II.48.    What is the Soul? (1929)
            II.49.    Stoicism and Mental Health (1929)
            II.50.    Has Religion Made Useful Contributions to Civilization? (1929)
            II.51.    The New Generation (1930)
            II.52.    Nice People (1931)
            II.53.    The Fate of Thomas Paine (1934)
            II.54.    Is Science Superstitious? (1935)
            II.55.    Our Sexual Ethics (1936)
            II.56.    Do We Survive Death? (1936)
            II.57.    My Religious Reminiscences (1938)
            II.58.    Dewey's New Logic (1939)
            II.59.    Freedom and the Colleges (1940)
            II.60.    The Functions of a Teacher (1940)
            II.61.    The Art of Rational Conjecture (1942)
            II.62.    The Art of Drawing Inferences (1942)
            II.63.    The Art of Reckoning (1942)
            II.64.    How to Read and Understand History (1943)
            II.65.    An Outline of Intellectual Rubbish (1943)
            II.66.    The Value of Free Thought (1944)
            II.67.    My Mental Development (1944)
            II.68.    Ideas That Have Helped Mankind (1946)
            II.69.    Ideas That Have Harmed Mankind (1946)
            II.70.    Mind and Matter in Modern Science (1946)
            II.71.    The Faith of a Rationalist (1947)
            II.72.    Philosophy and Politics (1947)
            II.73.    The Existence of God – a Debate with Father F. C. Copleston, SJ (1948)
            II.74.    Am I an Atheist or an Agnostic? (1949)
            II.75.    If We are to Survive This Dark Time (1950)
            II.76.    What Would Help Mankind Most? (1950)
            II.77.    Religion and Morals (1952)
            II.78.    What is Freedom? (1952)
            II.79.    What is Democracy? (1953)
            II.80.    What is an Agnostic? (1953)
            II.81.    Do Science and Religion Conflict? (1954)
            II.82.    Politically Important Desires (1954)
            II.83.    Can Religion Cure Our Troubles? (1954)
            II.84.    History as an Art (1954)
            II.85.    Man’s Peril (1954)
            II.86.    Science and Human Life (1955)
            II.87.    John Stuart Mill (1955)
            II.88.    The Russell-Einstein Manifesto (1955)
            II.89.    Are the World’s Troubles Due to Decay of Faith? (1956)
            II.90.    Mr. Strawson on Referring (1957)
            II.91.    Open Letter to Eisenhower and Khrushchev (1957)
            II.92.    The Expanding Mental Universe (1959)
            II.93.    Bertrand Russell Speaks His Mind (1960)
            II.94.    On the Philosophy of Science (1965)

              III.1.    Selected Papers of Bertrand Russell (1927)
              III.2.    Let the People Think (1941; 1958, The Will to Doubt)
              III.3.    Bertrand Russell’s Best (1958), ed. Robert Egner
              III.4.    The Basic Writings of Bertrand Russell (1961), eds. Robert Egner and Lester Denonn
              III.5.    Essays in Skepticism (1962)
              III.6.    The Philosophy of Logical Atomism (1972), ed. David Pears
              III.7.    The Life of Bertrand Russell in Pictures and His Own Words (1972), eds. Christopher Farley and David Hodgson
              III.8.    Essays in Analysis (1973), ed. Douglas Lackey
              III.9.    Bertrand Russell on God and Religion (1986), ed. Al Seckel
          III.10.    Bertrand Russell on Ethics, Sex and Marriage (1987), ed. Al Seckel
          III.11.    Russell on Ethics (1999), ed. Charles Pigden
          III.12.    Russell on Religion (1999), ed. Louis Greenspan and Stefan Andersson

             IV.1.    Volume 1. Cambridge Essays, 1888-99 (1983), ed. Kenneth Blackwell, Andrew Brink, Nicholas Griffin, Richard A. Rempel and John G. Slater.
             IV.2.    Volume 2. Philosophical Papers, 1896-99 (1990), ed. Nicholas Griffin and Albert C. Lewis.
             IV.3.    Volume 3. Towards the “Principles of Mathematics”, 1900-02 (1993), ed. Gregory H. Moore.
             IV.4.    Volume 4. Foundations of Logic, 1903-05 (1994), ed. Alasdair Urquhart.
             IV.5.    Volume 5. Toward “Principia Mathematica”, 1905–08 (????), ed. Gregory H. Moore.
             IV.6.    Volume 6. Logical and Philosophical Papers, 1909-13 (1992), ed. John G. Slater.
             IV.7.    Volume 7. Theory of Knowledge: The 1913 Manuscript (1984), ed. Elizabeth Ramsden Eames.
             IV.8.    Volume 8. The Philosophy of Logical Atomism and Other Essays, 1914-1919 (1986), ed. John G. Slater.
             IV.9.    Volume 9. Essays on Language, Mind, and Matter, 1919-26 (1988), ed. John G. Slater.
        IV.10.    Volume 10. A Fresh Look at Empiricism, 1927-1942 (1996), ed. John G. Slater.
        IV.11.    Volume 11. Last Philosophical Testament, 1943-1968 (1997), ed. John G. Slater.
        IV.12.    Volume 12. Contemplation and Action, 1902-14 (1985), ed. Richard A. Rempel, Andrew Brink and Margaret Moran.
        IV.13.    Volume 13. Prophecy and Dissent, 1914-1916 (1988), ed. Richard A. Rempel.
        IV.14.    Volume 14. Pacifism and Revolution, 1916-1918 (1995), ed. Richard A. Rempel, Louis Greenspan, Beryl Haslam, Albert C. Lewis, Mark Lippincott.
        IV.15.    Volume 15. Uncertain Paths to Freedom: Russia and China, 1919-22 (2000), ed. Richard A. Rempel and Beryl Haslam.
        IV.16.    Volume 16. Labour and Internationalism, 1922-25 (????), ed. Nicholas Griffin.
        IV.17.    Volume 17. Authority versus Enlightenment, 1925-27 (????), ed. Nicholas Griffin.
        IV.18.    Volume 18. Behaviourism and Education, 1927-31 (????), eds. William Bruneau and Stephen Heathorn.
        IV.19.    Volume 19. Science and Civilization, 1931–33. Planned.
        IV.20.    Volume 20. Fascism and Other Depression Legacies, 1933–34. Planned.
        IV.21.    Volume 21. How to Keep the Peace: The Pacifist Dilemma, 1935–38 (2008), eds. Andrew G. Bone and Michael D. Stevenson.
        IV.22.    Volume 22. The CCNY Case, 1938–40. Planned.
        IV.23.    Volume 23. The Problems of Democracy, 1941–44. Planned.
        IV.24.    Volume 24. Civilization and the Bomb, 1944–47 (????), ed. Kenneth Blackwell.
        IV.25.    Volume 25. Defence of the West, 1948–50 (????), ed. Kenneth Blackwell.
        IV.26.    Volume 26. Respectability – At Last, 1950–51 (????), eds. Andrew G. Bone and Michael D. Stevenson.
        IV.27.    Volume 27: Culture and the Cold War, 1952–53 (????), eds. Andrew G. Bone and Michael D. Stevenson.
        IV.28.    Volume 28. Man’s Peril, 1954-55 (2003), ed. Andrew G. Bone.
        IV.29.    Volume 29. Détente of Destruction, 1955-57 (2005), ed. Andrew G. Bone.
        IV.30.    Volume 30. Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, 1957–59 (????), ed. David Blitz.
        IV.31.    Volume 31. The Committee of 100, 1960–62. Planned.
        IV.32.    Volume 32. A New Plan for Peace and Other Essays, 1963–64. Planned.
        IV.33.    Volume 33. The Vietnam Campaign, 1965–66. Planned!
        IV.34.    Volume 34. International War Crimes Tribunal, 1967–70. Planned.
        IV.35.    Volume 35. Newly Discovered Papers. Planned.
        IV.36.    Volume 36. Indexes. In Progress.

Section I.1-29.
Section I.30-63.
Sections II. & III.
Section IV.1-18.
Section IV.19-36.